According to the World Health Organization (WHO), each year around 12 million people die of myocardial infarction or stroke in the world. It is one of the most common causes of mortality on the entire planet.
Despite being a very frequent and dangerous pathology, 80% of myocardial infarctions are preventable. How can they be avoided, then? Find out in this article.
What is myocardial infarction?
In order for the heart to pump blood and send it to the rest of the body, it needs energy and nutrients. To do this, like other organs, it has a series of blood vessels called coronaries , which are responsible for transporting the necessary blood to the cells of the heart or cardiomyocytes.
When these coronary vessels, for whatever reason, become obstructed, blood does not reach the heart. The cells are left without oxygen or nutrients and this causes their death. Therefore, a myocardial infarction is the death of a part of the heart due to a lack of blood supply.